Can GE’s gas turbines run on hydrogen fuel?

Yes. Our turbines have nearly 30 years of experience operating on a variety of fuels that contain hydrogen, totaling over 4 million operating hours with hydrogen concentrations ranging from 5% to 95% (by volume).  This includes synthesis gas (syngas), a variety of steel mill gases (i.e. coke oven gas and blast furnace gas), and refinery off-gases.  This experience has helped GE become one of the world leaders in the application of fuels containing hydrogen in gas turbines.

The use of hydrogen as a gas turbine fuel has been demonstrated commercially, but there are differences between natural gas and hydrogen that must be taken into account to properly and safely use hydrogen in a gas turbine.  In addition to differences in the combustion properties of these fuels, the impact to all gas turbine systems as well as the overall balance of plant, must be considered. In a power plant where one or more gas turbine is using hydrogen, changes may be needed to the fuel accessories, bottoming cycle components, and plant safety systems. GE’s broad field experience enables our engineers to understand the impact of using hydrogen as a gas turbine fuel.

As advanced gas turbines are inherently fuel-flexible, they can be configured to operate on hydrogen as a new unit, or upgraded to operate on hydrogen even after extended service on traditional fuels, i.e. natural gas. The scope of the required modifications depends on the initial configuration of the gas turbine and the overall balance of plant, as well as the desired hydrogen concentration in the fuel.

Want to learn more about hydrogen applications?

Join our webinar and live Q&A on May 22 or 23
Hydrogen & Gas Turbines: Unleashing Decarbonized Power
Join our webinar and live Q&A on May 22nd and 23rd Hydrogen & Gas Turbines: Harnessing Decarbonized Power Join GE’s industry expert Dr. Jeffrey Goldmeer as he walks through the application of hydrogen as a fuel, the leading technology that has advanced its capabilities over time, and the critical role that additive manufacturing may play going forward.
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Learn more about hydrogen fuel for gas turbines 
fuel-flex-whitepaper

White paper: Fuel-flexible gas turbines as enablers for a low or reduced carbon energy ecosystem

The growing effort to reduce carbon emissions from traditional power generation assets is driving an increase in power production from renewables. But hydrogen-ready gas turbines could also have a big role to play in the world’s efforts to reduce carbon emissions.

Learn more about turbines and plants using hydrogen for power

GE Reports

The hydrogen generation: These gas turbines can run on the most abundant element in the universe

GE’s gas turbines boast a long history of burning hydrogen blended with natural gas, which has a long list of benefits, in a wide range of concentrations.

Turbomachinery International

Fuel switching: Gas Turbines running on hydrogen or a natural gas and hydrogen mixture could aid in emissions reduction

Discover how GE and its DLN 2.6 combustion technology are providing the capability for fuel gas mixtures of natural gas and hydrogen that can lower and ultimately eliminate carbon emissions from turbomachinery

ASME Journal

Development and testing of a low NOx hydrogen combustion system

This paper outlines the development of a new premixing fuel injector for high-hydrogen fuels that was configured to balance reliable flashback-free operation, reasonable pressure drop, and low emissions.